BIO 1000 Unit 5 Assignment 1 Digestion Lab 

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Describe the organization of the human body.

The human body is a complex organization of various systems and structures working harmoniously. These systems include the skeletal, muscular, digestive, respiratory, nervous, and circulatory systems, each serving a unique function in maintaining the body’s overall health and functionality.

Estimate daily caloric 

When it comes to estimating daily caloric needs, different factors come into play. For a moderately active woman between the ages of twenty-five and fifty, consuming around 2,000 calories daily is generally recommended. BIO 1000 Unit 5 Assignment 1 Digestion Lab

However, if the goal is to lose weight, a reduction to approximately 1,500 calories per day is advised to achieve a sustainable loss of about one pound per week. It’s important to note that a calorie is a unit of measurement for energy commonly used to quantify the energy content of foods and beverages.

Calculate the percentage of daily calories of the food item.

Let’s consider Special K cereal as an example to calculate the percentage of daily calories from a specific food item. In a one-cup serving of Special K cereal, there are approximately 120 calories. 

When combined with nonfat milk, the calorie content increases to around 40 calories; whole milk reaches about 75 calories. Therefore, having a bowl of Special K cereal with milk amounts to 215 calories. Assuming a daily intake of 2,000 calories, consuming this cereal in the morning would account for approximately 6 percent of the daily calorie intake.

The majority of the calories in Special K cereal are derived from carbohydrates. A single serving without milk contains about 23g of carbohydrates, including 4g of simple sugars. The complex carbohydrate ingredients consist of wheat gluten and wheat germ. 

BIO 1000 Unit 5 Assignment 1 Digestion Lab

Additionally, the cereal provides 6g of protein, which constitutes around 10 percent of the recommended daily allowance of 60g, as advised by the Merck Manuals Online Medical Library. 

It also contains 1g of dietary fiber, Which is advantageous in promoting a well-functioning digestive system. The British Nutrition Foundation recommends adults consume 30g of fiber per day. Furthermore, Special K cereal is fortified with vitamins A, C, and E and B-complex vitamins like niacin and riboflavin.

One notable aspect of Special K cereal is its low-fat content, except when consumed with whole milk. This makes it a suitable option for individuals following a diet plan. Regarding calories and salt, Special K is similar to Kellogg’s Corn Flakes and only slightly surpasses Cornflakes in terms of protein. 

Compared to other popular breakfast cereals, such as Coco Pops with 150 calories per serving and Kellogg’s Crunchy Nut Cornflakes with 157 calories per serving, Special K cereal’s calorie content is not significantly lower. Nevertheless, it is essential to recognize that this does not automatically establish Special K cereal as a healthier option than sugary cornflakes.

BIO 1000 Unit 5 Assignment 1 Digestion Lab

In conclusion, a well-balanced breakfast should include a variety of nutrients such as carbohydrates, proteins, fats, minerals, high fiber content, and vitamins. Incorporating these elements into your morning meal allows you to feel fuller for longer, reducing the urge to snack throughout the day. 

For more information on the topic, you may refer to the study conducted by Dawson-Hughes (2020) titled “Acid-base balance of the diet—implications for bone and Muscle,” published in the European Journal of Clinical Nutrition.


Dawson-Hughes, B. (2020). Acid–base balance of the diet—implications for bone and muscle. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 74(S1), 7–13.