Project Charter Part 1
Initiating Fight against Coronary Artery Disease through Awareness.
Awareness regarding Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) is essential for early detection, prevention, and treatment. This analysis is specific to the health organization, Vila Health, situated in the US. Awareness leads to better health outcomes for the population and tends to reduce the economic burden caused by CAD. In 2020, about 697,000 people died from heart disease (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2022). This disease has cost the US about $229 billion from 2017 to 2018. It is estimated that about 20.1 million adults have CAD (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2022). The quantifiable desired condition for the Vila Healthcare facility would be a reduction in the incidences of CAD, with an increased number of people recognizing the symptoms and seeking medical attention due to increased awareness of the disease. The desired situation would be more people, by 30%, adopting healthier lifestyles, a decrease in the incidence of CAD by 10%, and a 20% increase in the number of people seeking medical conditions. All of this must be achieved in the two years of the intervention of awareness programs. This improvement is essential to reduce the rate of heart failure, heart attacks, and mortality prevailing due to CAD. The methods that can be utilized to identify the gap and measure the improvements can be through surveys to assess the knowledge of adults aged 20 and above. There can be an analysis of the hospital data, like the mortality and hospitalization rates, to identify the gaps in awareness. Focus groups can be organized for the adults to discuss their attitudes, perceptions, and experiences, including their knowledge of the disease and how it has impacted their lives. According to the literature, a community educated on CAD can be beneficial in reducing heart failures or heart attacks (Aminde et al., 2017).
Methods used to identify the Gap
Implications/Relevance to Identified Population
Unawareness of CAD and related complications and mortality. The unawareness has led to 7.5% of the adults aged 20 and above diagnosed with CAD increasing mortality (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2022).
Enhanced awareness of CAD, its symptoms, complications if left untreated, self-management, and treatment options.
Unawareness of CAD, its risk factors, symptoms, management, treatment, and prevention factors.
Surveys, focus groups, and analysis of hospital data
Improve living standards
Evidence to Support the Need
According to a credible resource, CAD is the most common cause of mortality among adults in the US.
Healthcare services for CAD cost more than 200 billion dollars annually (Brown et al., 2022). Lack of awareness and understanding of CAD leads to further complications due to delayed diagnosis and treatment. Education and counseling are known to mitigate the risks of this disease leading to prevention (Brown et al., 2022). According to the research, CAD is highly associated with lifestyle, and preventable risk factors are related to dietary patterns. Increases in urbanization have led to unhealthy lifestyle modifications leading to CAD (Maleki et al., 2019). An increase in awareness can lead to healthier lifestyle modifications. The primary factor affecting mortality and Disability Adjusted Life Years (DALY) loss is CAD. The stressors include high blood pressure, obesity, drinking, intoxication, sedentary lifestyle, and improper dietary practices. The literature supports public health strategies, risk factor prevention programs, and mass media campaigns to promote healthy behaviors and address the prevalence of this disease (Ralapanawa & Sivakanesan, 2021).
Lack of awareness regarding CAD and its complications among adults is a serious health challenge resulting in delayed diagnosis and treatment, leading to increased complications and mortality rates among the population. Developing educational programs targeted to the adult population can improve awareness resulting in earlier diagnosis, effective management, and better prevention.
SMART goals are essential to lay out the objective that would clarify what needs to be achieved with greater accountability, focus, and motivation.
The project aims to improve the awareness of CAD among the adult population with the specific goal of achieving an increase of 35% in knowledge regarding CAD through targeted educational campaigns within one year. The improvement will be measured for the adults among all age belonging to different ethnic groups with the help of surveys. Pre- and post-educational campaign surveys will be provided to measure the outcomes. Adults who are at high risk or already diagnosed would be the primary beneficiaries of this project. These adults would benefit from enhanced knowledge through professionals and evidence-based educational campaigns through healthcare outreach channels, social media, and the community. The educational campaigns would target the population of adults at risk or already diagnosed in the region’s urban and rural areas. This project will start around June 2023 and end exactly a year later, around June 2024. The surveys would be conducted in a targeted group before and after implementing this program to measure the change. The educational campaigns would be clear, concise, and visually appealing for enhanced communication to engage the adults. The campaigns would be prepared by the relevant healthcare professionals of CAD, community partners, and researchers. All of these members would have expertise in CAD management and prevention.
Aminde, L. N., Takah, N. F., Ngwasiri, C., Noubiap, J. J., Tindong, M., Dzudie, A., & Veerman, J. L. (2017). Population awareness of the cardiovascular disease and its risk factors in Buea, Cameroon. BMC Public Health, 17(1).
Brown, J., Gerhardt, T., & Kwon, E. (2022). Risk Factors For Coronary Artery Disease.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2022a, October 14). Heart Disease Facts | cdc.gov.
Maleki, A., Ghanavati, R., Montazeri, M., Forughi, S., & Nabatchi, B. (2019). Prevalence of Coronary Artery Disease and the Associated Risk Factors in the Adult Population of Borujerd City, Iran. The journal of Tehran Heart Center, 14(1), 1–5.
Ralapanawa, U., & Sivakanesan, R. (2021). Epidemiology and the Magnitude of Coronary Artery Disease and Acute Coronary Syndrome: A Narrative Review. Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health, 11(2), 169.