NR 224 Fundamentals Skills APA Paper

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Introducing the selected Speak Up brochure from The Joint Commission website: “Help Avoid Mistakes in Your Surgery.” This informative brochure aims to educate patients undergoing surgery on essential pre-surgery and post-surgery procedures, emphasizing the significance of patient-provider relationships and critical events to watch out for. With patient safety as the top priority, this brochure plays a vital role in preventing errors and ensuring successful outcomes through patient education.

NR 224 Fundamentals Skills APA Paper

Summary of Brochure

The selected Speak Up brochure titled “Help Avoid Mistakes In Your Surgery” provides valuable information to patients undergoing surgery. The booklet emphasizes the significance of open communication and encourages patients to ask their healthcare providers as many questions as needed to ensure clarity and understanding. By asking questions, patients can address misunderstandings, become aware of essential precautions, and enable healthcare providers to fill in knowledge gaps.

The brochure offers guidance on essential measures to take at home before the surgery. It advises patients to wash their hair, avoid wearing makeup, and leave valuables at home. Additionally, it provides insights into what patients should expect when they arrive at the surgical facility before the procedure.

After surgery, the brochure highlights important post-operative considerations. It emphasizes the need to communicate pain or discomfort to the healthcare provider. It encourages patients to ask questions about medications, potential therapy, and the timeline for resuming daily activities such as work and exercise.

Recognizing the significance of effective communication, the brochure suggests several ways to facilitate dialogue between patients and healthcare providers. It provides a list of potential questions that can be asked throughout the entire surgical process. By actively engaging in communication and seeking guidance from healthcare providers, patients can stay informed and play a crucial role in minimizing potential errors.

NR 224 Fundamentals Skills APA Paper

Overall, this informative brochure underscores the importance of patient engagement, communication, and informed decision-making throughout the surgical journey, aiming to enhance patient safety and reduce the risk of errors.

Evaluation of Brochure

The selected Speak Up brochure, “Help Avoid Mistakes In Your Surgery,” stands out for its clear, helpful information and well-organized structure that enhances patient comprehension. The booklet covers various topics, including pre-surgery tasks, essential questions to ask healthcare providers for education and awareness, and post-surgery tasks and inquiries. By providing comprehensive insights, patients gain a thorough understanding of the surgical process, enabling them to have a smoother experience with minimal errors or complications.

Patient safety and optimal outcomes are my utmost priority as a certified nursing assistant and future registered nurse. Having heard numerous stories of surgical complications that could have been prevented, I firmly believe in taking all necessary precautions before surgery to ensure excellent outcomes.

The brochure’s content is highly beneficial and suitable for patient education, complementing specific instructions tailored to individual patients. As a nurse, I would use this brochure as a guide during patient education, equipping patients with the essential information required to promote their safety.

NR 224 Fundamentals Skills APA Paper

Importance of Effective Communication

The importance of effective communication, as emphasized by The Joint Commission, is echoed in a scholarly source I consulted, which states that “poor communication is a frequent cause of surgical errors” (Sampene, Littleton, Kanter, & Sutkin, 2019, p. 13). Inadequate communication can lead to fatal accidents, not only between patients and providers but also within the surgical team. Thus, providing adequate knowledge to patients and providers is crucial in ensuring patient safety.

The Journal of Surgical Research supports the key messages conveyed in the Speak Up brochure, explicitly addressing the significance of communication within the surgical team and its impact on patient safety.

The brochure is an educational reference for patients with limited medical knowledge and preparing for surgery. It is particularly beneficial for individuals outside the healthcare field who may be unsure what questions to ask their providers or what to expect during the procedure. Healthcare providers can also utilize this brochure to guide their patient education process.

By providing comprehensive information, the brochure significantly contributes to increasing patient safety, as it equips patients with knowledge about the surgical process and associated risks. Misinterpretation of information or inadequate preparation for surgery can pose significant risks, and this brochure effectively mitigates those risks by providing precise guidance to patients.

NR 224 Fundamentals Skills APA Paper


Patient safety and the success of surgical procedures rely on healthcare providers ensuring that patients are well-informed before surgery. Regardless of the patient’s level of risk, it is the responsibility of healthcare facilities and providers to ensure that every patient receives comprehensive knowledge about their condition and is fully informed about prioritizing their safety and the procedure’s success. This brochure is particularly valuable for individuals with a limited understanding of the healthcare system or unfamiliar with the pre-surgery guidelines and post-surgery recovery process. It is an excellent resource for patients to enhance their learning and a valuable tool for healthcare providers during the patient education process.


Sampene, K. C., Littleton, E. B., Kanter, S. L., Sutkin, G. (2019). Preventing error in the operating room: five teaching strategies for high-stakes learning. Journal of Surgical

Research, Page 13. The Joint Commission. Help avoid mistakes in your surgery. Retrieved from