NR 452 Capstone clinical key priority assessment findings

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Left-sided heart failure is characterized by specific key priority assessment findings that indicate the impaired functioning of the left ventricle. These findings primarily focus on respiratory symptoms. Common assessment findings in left-sided heart failure include crackles (abnormal lung sounds), pulmonary edema (fluid accumulation in the lungs), and poor oxygen exchange. On the other hand, right-sided heart failure presents different manifestations. It is typically characterized by edema, particularly in the arms and legs. Other signs of right-sided heart failure may include ascites (fluid accumulation in the abdomen), jugular venous distention (JVD), and hepatomegaly (enlarged liver). These contrasting findings help healthcare professionals differentiate between left-sided and right-sided heart failure.

ACE inhibitors and digoxin are two standard medication classes for left-sided heart failure. When administering ACE inhibitors, there are two nursing considerations to remember. Firstly, it is essential to monitor potassium levels regularly since ACE inhibitors can sometimes lead. Secondly, healthcare providers should watch for the development of angioedema (swelling of the face, lips, tongue, or throat) and also monitor the patient’s blood pressure to ensure it remains within the desired range.

NR 452 Capstone clinical key priority assessment findings

In the case of digoxin, two nursing considerations are relevant. Maintaining the appropriate digoxin level in the patient’s bloodstream is crucial, which should be kept below two ng/mL. Regular monitoring of the digoxin level helps prevent toxicity. Additionally, assessing the patient’s apical pulse for a full minute before administering digoxin is essential to ensure it is within the desired range. This helps detect any irregularities or abnormalities in the heart rhythm before administering the medication.

Cultural differences have a significant impact on nurses when teaching diet and nutrition. Culture often influences food preferences and preparation methods, and certain food groups become dietary staples based on cultural practices. This impact remains significant even when individuals from a particular culture live in a different country. Patients may need more specific cultural food preferences in healthcare settings such as hospitals or long-term care facilities. This limitation may result in inadequate nutrition. When assessing a patient’s decreased appetite, it is crucial to consider cultural factors as a potential cause. So bring in foods that meet the patient’s nutritional needs while adhering to dietary restrictions. It is essential to provide individualized dietary teaching, considering cultural values regarding the social significance and sharing of food.

NR 452 Capstone clinical key priority assessment findings

Cultural humility is a concept that nurses should embrace when working with patients from diverse cultural backgrounds. It involves a process of self-reflection and discovery to build honest and trustworthy relationships. Cultural humility holds promise in helping researchers understand and address health disparities, an ongoing issue requiring attention and action on multiple levels. By acknowledging and respecting different cultural perspectives, healthcare professionals can provide more effective care and contribute to eliminating health disparities.

When considering the impact of culture on dietary habits, it is observed that Hispanics, for example, often include a significant amount of rice in their meals. This cultural preference for specific foods is one to consider when providing care. In line with this, cultural humility is highlighted as an essential process for healthcare providers. It involves self-reflection and discovery to foster honest and trustworthy relationships, mainly when working with individuals from diverse cultural backgrounds.

In prioritizing and deciding the placement location of a peripheral IV in heart failure, there are two nursing considerations to remember. Firstly, choosing the patient’s nondominant arm to insert the IV catheter is advisable. This decision helps ensure the patient retains full functionality in their dominant arm. Secondly, suppose the patient has undergone a mastectomy on a particular side. Avoiding using that arm to place the peripheral IV is crucial to prevent any potential complications or discomfort.

NR 452 Capstone clinical key priority assessment findings

Common signs and symptoms of acute infection in the elderly often include mental alterations, such as acute confusion or delirium. When addressing these symptoms, two priority nursing interventions come into play. The first intervention is to keep the patient hydrated, ensuring that they receive an adequate intake of fluids. Hydration is crucial for supporting the body’s immune response and aiding recovery. The second intervention involves guaranteeing the patient’s safety and taking precautions to prevent falls or accidents that may arise due to their altered mental state.

There are four different classifications of antibiotics: cephalosporins, fluoroquinolones, macrolides, and tetracyclines. Several priority nursing considerations should be reviewed when a patient is on antibiotic therapy. It is essential to always ask and check the patient’s allergies to medications to prevent any adverse reactions. This information is crucial in selecting the appropriate antibiotic and ensuring patient safety.

Advanced directives significantly impact nursing care as they empower patients to exercise their rights, even when they cannot decide for themselves. Advanced directives allow patients to express their wishes regarding life-sustaining treatments in writing, ensuring their preferences are respected and followed. Various resources are available to assist with the completion and adherence to a patient’s end-of-life wishes. These resources may include hospice care services, the patient’s physician, and social workers specializing in end-of-life care. These resources guide and support patients and healthcare professionals in navigating complex end-of-life decisions, ensuring the patient’s wishes are honored.