NURS FPX 8030 Assessment 2 Evidenced Based Literature

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Evidenced-Based Literature: Search and Organization

NURS FPX 8030 Assessment 2 especially in the field of healthcare, it is crucial to make decisions using reliable information, and it is possible to provide such information through evidence-based writing. The information obtained from the high-quality research studies, clinical trials, and systematic reviews that have been scrutinized for the purpose of determining the truth is known as the ‘evidence-based literature. ’ However, due to the availability of the vast array of information, the problem of searching and selecting the appropriate books becomes rather challenging. That is why it is important to have good search and planning methods.

Patient Safety Issue, PICO(T) Question and Evidence

NURS FPX 8030 Assessment 2, HAIs refer to infections that individuals contract while they are in a healthcare facility as a patient. HAIs are infections that can be acquired from different sources by different pathogens including bacteria, viruses, fungus and parasites. They can lead to a lot of illness, mortality, and expenditure on medical bills (Monegro et al., 2022).

What is the question in the form of PICOT?Is there a decrease in the incidence of hospital-acquired disease (O) in acute care hospitals within 3 months if a hand hygiene improvement program (I) is initiated as opposed to not implementing any infection control measures (C)?

NURS FPX 8030 Assessment 2 Evidenced-Based Literature

From the existing knowledge, it is evident that 3. Two percent of admitted patients in the United States and six percent in Canada are in hospitals where they never planned to be, according to research. It is estimated that 5% of all patients in the EU/EEA are affected by HAIs (Busby et al., 2022). However, HAIs are far more prevalent in the global setting. Another piece of data reveals that 10% of hospital patients in developing countries will develop at least one HAI (Gebregiorgis et al., 2020).

Search Strategy for Best Evidence

In order to identify the most suitable evidence for the particular PICO(T) question, one has to develop the sound search strategy (Lefebvre et al. , 2019). The steps that can be taken to come up with a search plan for this question are outlined below:The steps that can be taken to come up with a search plan for this question are outlined below: The initial step before searching the databases is to identify the meaning of the formulated PICO(T) question. These include acute care hospitals, hand hygiene promotion programs, infection control measures, HAIs, and three months. One way is to list the search terms that relate to the main ideas.

The next question that arises is which sources to use in order to find other books in the same genre. You could search in databases such as PubMed, CINAHL, and Cochrane Library because these databases are more likely to provide articles that are relevant to your search. Boolean operators such as the ‘AND’, the ‘OR’, and the ‘NOT’ can be used to search for a myriad of items. NURS FPX 8030 Assessment 2 refined the search results by limiting the search to only the last five years of published articles. Finally, arrange the studies that you have gathered and read them once again. As we carry out our search, we want it to be better, more reliable, and more relevant, so let us assess the tools that we have identified (Jones, 2022).

Databases and Keywords

For this, we have to identify good sources and the strong keywords for the formulated PICO(T) question, which means thinking about the main ideas and the words that are connected with them. The following sources and keywords may be useful based on the question:The following sources and keywords may be useful based on the question:

PubMed: This database contains a vast number of scientific sources, including articles on hand hygiene, hospital acquired diseases, and infection prevention.

CINAHL: NURS FPX 8030 Assessment 2 library is designed specifically for the nurses and any other health care professional who needs to have some free time at work. For these reasons, it is crucial to review the literature on the healthcare study goals that is already available (Hopia & Heikkilä, 2019).

Cochrane Library: This library contains systematic reviews and meta-analyses of several issues, including the infections people develop in hospitals, the prevention of the spread of diseases, and hand hygiene.

From the above sources, the following search terms can be of relevance: Hospital Acquired Infections, Hand Hygiene Improvement Program, Infection Control Measures, Acute Care Hospitals. You might also try Nosocomial diseases, hand hygiene, infection control, infection prevention, urgent care hospitals and other words to help you locate information. It is also important to use Boolean operators in order to combine the terms that will be entered for better results. It is also possible to use termination and wildcard marks which can also help spread the search and find useful versions of the terms. The term “Infect*” can be used to mean infection, infections, infectious, and many other related words (Petropoulos, 2023).

Inclusion and Exclusion Criteria

            Based on the PICO(T) question and the search method, the following were the factors used to decide which articles to keep:Based on the PICO(T) question and the search method, the following were the factors used to decide which articles to keep:

NURS FPX 8030 Assessment 2 Criteria for Inclusion

  • It is mandatory that the research is an RCT, a systematic review, or a meta-analysis and the language of the document is English.
  • The study needs to compare the outcomes of implementing a program that aims at enhancing hand washing to the outcome of not enhancing hand washing infection control program.
  • As an outcome measure, the investigation must also be able to put a figure on the number of hospital-acquired infections.
  • The study has to be conducted in an acute-care hospital.
  • The study should include results from a study conducted in or after the year 2019.

Exclusion Criteria

• Studying that has been carried out outside the hospitals.

  • Infections which people contracted in hospitals that have not been captured by the studies.
  • Work that was not published in English.
  • These are the researches that were conducted before 2019.

Based on the guidelines of including and excluding information, 15 pieces were retained for further analysis. NURS FPX 8030 Assessment 2 successful literature study enables us to understand the problem and as can be seen, it has an effect (Snyder, 2019). Thus, the articles that were selected were chosen because they were related to the research question and could potentially offer strong evidence for a program for enhancing hand hygiene in acute care facilities. All of them are related to the hospital-acquired diseases and how to prevent them through shows that educate individuals on how to wash their hands more effectively. The papers that were kept also have numbers about HAIs at the state and world level.

The pieces that were retained included randomized controlled trials, systematic reviews, and meta-analyses among others. This makes sure that the review is based on the current best evidence that is available in the literature. The articles that were kept are examples of the best research in this area because they were obtained from a general search with strict criteria on the type of articles to select and exclude. They also form a good foundation for further research studies as they offer more specific information.


            In NURS FPX 8030 Assessment 2, using the PICO(T) problem, a comprehensive analysis of relevant books was employed in the study of the topic. In order to identify the best proof, the search approach selected the correct databases, appropriate buzzwords, and stringent criteria regarding what to enter and what not to enter. Fifteen papers were retained as they were specifically focused on hospital-acquired infections and offered concrete evidence that enhancing hand hygiene reduces hospital-acquired infections. The pieces that were retained were selected since they were current, credible, and aligned with the study schedule.


Brown, D. (2019). A review of the PubMed PICO tool: Using Evidence-Based Practice in health education. Health Promotion Practice, 21(4), 152483991989336.

Busby, K. R., Draucker, C. B., & Reising, D. L. (2023). Mentoring-as-Partnership: The meaning of mentoring among novice nurse faculty. Journal of Nursing Education, 62(2), 83–88.

Gebregiorgis, B. G., Takele, G. M., Ayenew, K. D., & Amare, Y. E. (2020). Prevalence of hospital-acquired infections (HAIs) and associated factors in Ethiopia: A systematic review and meta-analysis protocol. BMJ Open, 10(12), e042111.

Hopia, H., & Heikkilä, J. (2019). Nursing research priorities based on CINAHL database: A scoping review. Nursing Open, 7(2).

Jones, N. (2022, August 18). Importance of evaluating and fact-checking information.

Lefebvre, C., Glanville, J., Briscoe, S., Littlewood, A., Marshall, C., Metzendorf, M., Noel‐Storr, A., Rader, T., Shokraneh, F., Thomas, J., & Wieland, L. S. (2019). Searching for and selecting studies. Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions, 67–107.

Monegro, A. F., Muppidi, V., & Regunath, H. (2022, August 22). Hospital Acquired Infections.; StatPearls Publishing.

Petropoulos, J.-A. (2023, January 20). Guides: How to search the literature (advanced): Truncation and wildcards. 

Snyder, H. (2019). Literature review as a research methodology: An overview and guidelines. Journal of Business Research, 104, 333–339. Science Direct.