PSY 405 Assessment 2 Freud’s Theory

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Freud’s Personality Theory

It appears to be numerous character hypotheses depend on individual perspectives as well as a blend of everybody’s perspectives. Freud, on the other hand, clearly dominated the field. Others either agreed with him or tried to refute his theories as a result of his influence. 

Freud made what he accepted was the fundamental idea of character which made out of designs, formative stages and protective systems. ” The levels of consciousness, human nature and motivation, personality structure, and personality development are all components of Freud’s theory of personality (Cherry, 2014, para. 3).


“As per Freud’s psychoanalytic hypothesis of character, character is made out of three components: id, the ego, and the superego” (Cherry, 2014, para. 1). As indicated by Cherry, 2014, the id is depicted as “driven by the delight guideline, which makes progress toward quick satisfaction of all cravings, needs, and needs” (para 3). The id is available from birth and all through the rest of every individual’s life. 

PSY 405 Assessment 2 Freud’s Theory

The following component is the ego. The part of a person’s personality that deals with reality is the ego (Cherry, 2014, para. 5). After determining what is acceptable in the real world, ego develops after id. Cherry (2014) states that “the ego deals with reality in functions in the conscious, preconscious, and unconscious mind” (paragraph). 5). The inner self is the one among id and superego. Superego is the third component of character. ” 

According to Cherry (2014), para. 8, “the superego produces guilt and an ego ideal and represents the restrictions of society.” The superego is made up of two parts: the inner self ideal and the cognizant. This essentially will make our ways of behaving cultivated in the public eye. Ways of behaving are shaped because of the connections of the id, self image and superego including clashes inside one another. Tension is a guard component that is utilized to manage such contentions. In order to have a personality that is in good health, the id, ego, and superego must all be in balance.

PSY 405 Assessment 2 Freud’s Theory

The mind is organized into two main parts according to Freudian theory: the mind that is both conscious and unconscious” (Cherry, 2014, para. 8). When we are aware of something, we have a conscious mind; when we are not aware of something, we have an unconscious mind. Our hopes, dreams, and even repressed memories are all part of our unconscious mind. The two main components of Freud’s personality theory, along with the id, ego, and superego, are the unconscious mind and the conscious mind.

Stages of Development According to Freud

There are five stages of sexual development: oral, anal, phallic, latency, and genital. The oral stage begins at birth and continues until 18 months. This is the point at which an individual is nursing and taking care of which makes the mouth the joy objects for satisfaction. The anal stage, which lasts from 18 months to three years, is the second stage of development. This is the time that the kid potty trains and bowl developments cause exotic joy. The third stage is phallic which is from three to six years of age. The primary source of satisfaction is genital manipulation. 

As per Cherry, 2014, “Freud likewise presents the penis envy, in which young ladies are envious of young men due to their genital region and the maiming uneasiness, wherein young men are restless about the possibility of losing their own penis by their dad” (para 14). The dormancy stage is from six to 12 years of age. As sexual desire declines, the gratification comes from friendships or, more specifically, social interactions. The final stage is the genital stage, which occurs between the ages of 12 and 18. Sexual interest is the satisfaction place zeroing in on sexual connection.

PSY 405 Assessment 2 Freud’s Theory

Mechanisms for Protection Mechanisms for protection are an inherent part of human life. Cherry (2014) claims that “Freud found many defensive mechanisms with his daughter, including: constraint, disavowal, projection, response plan, defense, change response, phobic evasion, removal, relapse, detachment, fixing and sublimation” (Cherry, 2014, para 9). The majority of living things will in some way employ defensive mechanisms. Freud’s hypothesis of guard components can be characterized a scope of generally oblivious cycles which lessen uneasiness or build up pleasurable feelings” (Religious, 2001, para 9).

An individual might utilize a cautious system to shield themselves from harming when a friend or family member has died. This type of protective instrument is refusal. Repression is yet another type of defensive mechanism. This could be utilized for having a horrendous encounter happening to an individual and their brain impeding that experience to safeguard them from the harms it might actually cause that person. ” Recent studies have suggested that some degree of defensive distortion may be useful, such as the tendency for people to see themselves more positively than is warranted by reality. The use of defense mechanisms is not necessarily indicative of a mind that is unhealthy.

Five Significant Reactions of Freud’s Speculations

Freud has gotten a lot of analysis for his character hypothesis. However, issues with his theory have been debated or argued, despite the fact that he has influenced numerous psychoanalysts. The lack of notes Freud kept as evidence is a major criticism. He did not take any notes and relied heavily on his own memory to gather evidence from patients. His theory is criticized because memory is not the most effective method for gathering qualitative dates.

PSY 405 Assessment 2 Freud’s Theory

Legitimacy is likewise an analysis. Some aspects of Freud’s theory, such as oral stimulation and personality structure, cannot be explained through ally because he did not take notes.  Another criticism was that significant portions of his work have not been tested.

His work might be progressed for psychological well-being medicines, discusses are as yet forged ahead with the impacts of his analysis treatment. He is also criticized for showing his narrow perspective on behavioral explanations by ignoring the social world and human interaction. He focused almost entirely on human nature’s irrationality, forgetting that people also act rationally.


Freud helped to explain personality and its fundamental characteristics and was brilliant in many ways. Numerous character speculations are near notwithstanding, Freud overwhelms the field. Other theorists who have agreed with or attempted to demonstrate opposing ideas to his theories have been influenced in large part by his work. 

The nature of personality served as the basis for Freud’s theory. Freud separated personality into three parts: the id, ego, and superego” (Cherry, 2014, para. The structures of Freud’s personality theory are identified as the id, ego, and superego. There were structures, developmental stages, and defense mechanisms in Freud’s personality theory. While he was splendid in his discoveries, they were worked from his memory of the concentrate as opposed to from notes taken while playing out the examinations. As a result, he faces severe criticism for his narrow perspectives.


Cherry, K. (2014). The Structural Model of Personality. Retrieved from

Cherry, K. (2014) Defense Mechanisms. Retrieved from

Priestly, B. (2001). Freudian Psychoanalysis. Retrieved from

Western, D. (1999) Psychology: Mind, Brain, Culture (2nd ed.)  New York, NY: Johns Wiley and Sons