PSY 405 Assessment 4 Personality Analysis

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Personality Analysis: Dispositional & Learning Theories

The study and analysis of personalities contributes to a better understanding of human behavior and understanding progression. For a considerable amount of time, theorists had attempted to develop new theoretical methodologies. 

According to Feist & Feist (2009), Gordon Allport studied people’s personalities because this method gives individual distinctiveness more meaning or characterization and emphasizes its uniqueness. By depicting a person with a universal personality, individuals are merely categorized as a group or crowd. However, Allport claims that the only way to precisely distinguish an individual is through personal acquaintance.

Individuality demonstrates that no two people are alike in any way and that each one is distinct and unique; because different people have different personalities and different abilities to understand each other. The social cognitive theory of Albert Bandura observed the behavior that people understood. According to Feist & Feist (2009), observational learning allows individuals to learn without taking any actions or responsibilities. People mostly learn from their own experiences, but they also learn from other people’s jobs and accomplishments. For the most part critical reasons which supply the answer questions could be laid out through these sorts of examination and advancement. 

PSY 405 Assessment 1 Personality Theory

Dispositional Theories and Personalities Allport presented his morphogenic science to kick off his research into personal psychology. Morphogenic science is the study of a person, the collection of data, and important information about them. Questions such as “what is the distinctiveness of the psychologically healthy individual?” and “what is the meaning or definition of personality?” arise as a result of Allport’s approach to personality theory. Allport’s questions establish a framework for understanding the fundamentals of personalities. Characters affect a singular undertaking s and reaction to outer inspirations. 

As a result, the term “dynamic organization” compares a personality to a methodical plan. Even though this plan could be revolutionary, Allport uses the term “psychophysical” to describe a person’s psychological and physical transformation (Feist & Feist, 2009). Additionally, Allport favored the terms “determine,” “characteristic,” “behavior,” and “thought” because they convey the idea that people are both products and processes and have the potential to revolutionize. By and by, recommending that characters are all the while mental and physical, as well as express ways of behaving and open contemplations (Feist and Feist, 2009).

Even though personality is just a word, it is powerful and effective.

Understanding Personality Capabilities Bandura’s social cognitive theory addresses the significance of various personality abilities. The environment has a significant impact on an individual’s personality and development. Bandura’s method of understanding personality relied on a variety of fundamental flexibility; hypothesis, triadic reciprocal causation model, likelihood experiences and fortuitous events, driving force perception, external and internal reasons, and principled group (Feist & Feist, pp. 478-79, 2009). Bandura’s social cognitive theory’s fundamentals put him within reach of the various research theories.

Observational Learning was developed by Bandura to put his hypothesis to the test. The responsibilities that a person takes on throughout their life frequently arise from observation. Through observation, for instance, children were able to learn how to eat with utensils, hold a cup, open doors, or just wave goodbye. Regrettably, observational learning may reveal both positive and negative behaviors. However, psychological implementation is explained by triadic reciprocal causation in Bandura social cognitive theory.

PSY 405 Assessment 1 Personality Theory

In any case, individual demonstration occurs for the explanation that three factors, the climate, conduct, and the individual (Feist and Feist, 2009). Relating the three factors to each character is extremely plain, since every character is shaped by the climate and a result of every way of behaving. Despite the fact that the personality of character because of the Social Mental hypothesis utilizes an agentic perspective on characters, this connotes people have the capacities to utilize control on their individual being. In addition to having an effect on situational behaviors, personalities also influence situational behavior.

Individuality is a focus for Allport; Dispositional and Learning Theories’ Characteristics of Personality He believed that an individual’s disposition reveals their uniqueness. Cardinal, Central, and Secondary dispositions all contribute to an individual’s intensity. A Cardinal disposition is a quality that determines how different people live their lives. Most people don’t have this quality, but those who do tend to be viewed favorably by most people. To embody a Cardinal attitude is an individual named as Casanova. It is common to refer to a Casanova as an alluring, lover boy, appealing, and extravagant individual. Nevertheless, the term “Casanova” has the potential to become a well-known peculiarity or individuality. Central dispositions are the second type of disposition. It is to be expected that all Central dispositions share some commonality. According to Feist & Feist (2009), a person can have anywhere from five to ten distinctive traits, which are determined by how other people evaluate their personality. defining terms to describe a person’s quality, behavior, or disposition.

PSY 405 Assessment 1 Personality Theory

As a result, Allport refers to secondary dispositions as the intensity of personal disposition. Secondary dispositions aren’t as prominent in our personalities as central dispositions, but they are present on a consistent basis and are responsible for the majority of individual behaviors. Although secondary dispositions are less obvious than central dispositions, they are still present. The level of individual demeanor from Allport’s viewpoint is basic as surveyed on a level. However, in contrast to Allport’s line of reasoning, assessment of inter-persons to personal dispositions will alter the development of personal dispositions to customary behavior.  

In addition, Allport’s motivational and stylistic dispositions are responsive to essential personal requirements and motivation to move. A unique individual who has an inspirational demeanor is persuaded by a need. Projects are initiated by motivational requirements (Feist & Feist, p. 383, 2009). Style helps people take charge of their own actions. According to Feist & Feist (2009), an individual would, for instance, wear clothing to keep his body warm. This is motivating, and the design of the clothing chosen is stylistic. A character requires tendency. Allport’s level of individual demeanors, inspirational, and elaborate manners have form into an unmistakable element for relating character speculations.

PSY 405 Assessment 1 Personality Theory

Besides, Bandura’s social mental hypothesis in regard to Observational Learning incorporate to the posting of character study. The focal point of observational learning is displaying. Displaying is collecting and deducting from ways of behaving noticed, trailed by taking an expansive view from one perception to a further (Feist and Feist, 2009). People try to live like other people, choosing someone with a prominent standing, skills, and superiority as a model. Personality traits emerge from the best examples and the environment.

While influences play a significant role in a person’s character, individual characteristics like disposition, physical appearance, and intellect are personal. A person is born with the ability, skill, and potential to implement numerous strategies. 

Throughout their lives, individuals grow and change. According to Feist & Feist (2009), Bandura’s concept of individual performance is the result of dealings with behaviors, variables, and the environment. Observational learning models of personality are logical. Assuming there is an incentive for the actions to demonstrate constancy, and assuming there is a penalty, the individual is unlikely to repeat the harmful actions, people typically act as other people do. The better the significance wherein the spectator puts on the direct, the chance of the eyewitness doing again these activities is conspicuous (Feist and Feist, 2009). PSY 405 Assessment 4 Personality Analysis

Dispositional and Observational Leering Speculations Offer a Typical Bond

The typical relationship shared through dispositional and observational speculations is either speculation has the very assessment that characters are self-roused and particular for people. Human organization, and cognizant control, shows that people partake in the way of choosing for own fate. 

Dispositional theories and observational learning theories assign customary causes, which include motivational qualities, internal causes, external causes, stylistic causes, dysfunctional behaviors, and appropriate purposeful self-governance. In addition, both theories make it easier to understand personalities and behaviors and provide a more in-depth perspective from a variety of sources that have used a variety of approaches to arrive at a particular assumption.


In genuine significance, character study works with by learning characters and ways of behaving. Learning and exploration led utilizing various frameworks and strategies give a better sensation of acknowledgment. Bandura and Allport dealt with personalities using effective tools and objective thought. His positive observations of the natural world led to the development of his personality theory, which he initiated with Allport. In a common setting, personality development occurs naturally. 

I agree that personalities are influenced by language, fashion, values, culture, and morals; anyway, the singularity and peculiarity in a character and fundamental inspirations are the by and large suggestible reasons (Feist and Feist, 2009). Surprisingly, a large number of important hypotheses in personality theories continue to be developed. Studies by former theorists continue to generate new hypotheses and concepts. Allport’s Own manners help research individuals to learn singularities.

PSY 405 Assessment 1 Personality Theory

The objective of Allport is to discover responses to the subject; personality. What does the cognizant inspiration in individuality have? What are the peculiarities of the expressively active person? Bandura started learning through observation, which is essential for understanding people and their behaviors. An individual’s presentation is the result of shared connection point of activities inside the environmental factors, conduct, and individual viewpoints (Feist and Feist, 2009).

Singularities are together emotional and physical. People have the capacity to study with the workforce of adaptability although people have varieties both organic and social. The individual is made up of individualities, and the development and persistence of individualities are influenced by social and environmental factors. The for the most part critical issue to consider; there could be no number of people who are comparative and everyone in this world is unmistakable without anyone else.


Feist, G. J., Feist, J. (2009). Theories of Personality. (7th ed). New York: McGraw-Hill