PSYC FPX 3500 Assessment 4 Strategies for Enhancing Learning and Memory Fact Sheet

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Learning And Memory Fact Sheet

The cerebrum performs handling capabilities in the human body. Encoding, consolidating, and retrieving information are the three essential components it uses to carry out a consolidated process. The process by which the brain modifies sensory input to store data is known as encoding. During the encoding process, the brain takes in information through a variety of channels and stores it for a longer time. In encoding, the hippocampus effectively processes the information and keeps the data in the memory longer. For instance, the hippocampus stores this information in memory for future assistance, and the brain stores the new name by recalling it (Mcdermott & Roediger, 2018).

Solidification includes the hippocampus and neocortex to use the put-away data in the mind. In this stage, the cerebrum utilizes capacity data to handle the new data inside the memory. The last capability of the mind is to recover data. The brain processes the work in this manner by utilizing previously stored information. An illustration of recovery incorporates reviewing the data you concentrated on previously.

PSYC FPX 3500 Assessment 4 Strategies for Enhancing Learning and Memory Fact Sheet

Example: After a period of time, a group of participants are given the words to remember and asked to spell the fifth word; this is an illustration of the recovery of data. According to McDermott and Roediger (2018), the human brain’s effective functioning and memory storage are intertwined, making all three functions interdependent.

Technique for Improving Learning and Memory

Writing the information down or rephrasing it is regarded as an efficient method for improving learning and memory. The creative cycle of the data and rewording it as per the individual’s abilities make it essentially effective to store the data. The brain’s capacity to store new information in long-term memory and use it when retrieving it was significantly enhanced by the writing activity (Weerasinghe et al., 2022).

Multi-Store Memory Model Atkinson-Shiffrin proposed a multi-store memory model that emphasized the human brain’s memory storage process. The model featured that people take data from their current circumstance utilizing their mental capacities, encode it, and merge it into momentary memory. They retrieve the information from short-term memory into long-term memory by practicing it verbally and in writing (Drigas et al., 2022).

Make mnemonics

PSYC FPX 3500 Assessment 4 Strategies for Enhancing Learning and Memory Fact Sheet

Mnemonics have a significant impact on memory and learning. Using rhymes, acrostics, and acronyms to actively connect and flow information in order to store it in the memory is guided by this method. Weerasinghe et al. found that word association had a longer-lasting effect on memory and mental abilities. 2022).

Visual Imagery The visual imagery method is a good way to learn and improve memory. For an efficient retentive memory process, these methods make it easier to use visual means like watching videos, pictures, and documentaries to store information over time (Weerasinghe et al., 2022).

 Enhancing Learning and Memory in the Elderly Population

Memory exercise is a crucial method for enhancing learning and memory in the elderly. Daily efforts to learn and put new information into practice are part of the memory exercise. The memory exercise involves engaging one’s mind actively in a variety of learning activities that introduce new information and establish a routine recall practice. Playing cards, solving word puzzles, learning music, and reading a book are all examples of memory-training activities. According to Babaei & Azari (2022): “visual learning through pictures and videos could also facilitate memory exercise for elderly people, improving their memory for a healthy brain.”

Healthy Lifestyle

PSYC FPX 3500 Assessment 4 Strategies for Enhancing Learning and Memory Fact Sheet

A healthy diet and regular exercise are two aspects of a healthy lifestyle that can help the elderly learn and remember more effectively. Exercise and a healthy diet improve blood flow; The brain receives sufficient care for proper processing. These practices further developed the mind working in each of the three encodes, combining and recovering data. This prompts dynamic learning and putting away memory for a more drawn-out length in older individuals (Babaei and Azari, 2022).

Socialization is important for older people’s mental and physical health. The socialization worked on the mental working of the elderly folks through dynamic association in discussions. The active discussion participants improved their brain capabilities, which improved the process of learning and storing information for longer periods of time. Socialization decreases the sensation of disengagement and sorrow among elderly folks, further working on their well-being and mind working. According to Tsai & Shen (2002), engaging in healthy conversation with one’s friends and family stimulates one’s mind to store and process new information, as well as to recall previously retrieved information, ultimately improving one’s learning and long-term memory.

Theories and Results of Research on How to Improve Older People’s Memory

Activity Theory Helps Improve Older People’s Memory Activity theory provides important theoretical insights on how to improve older people’s learning and memory. According to the activity theory, seniors’ memory improved when they actively participated in learning activities through socialization and communication. The hypothetical proposals recommended that the dynamic contribution of the older folks worked on their mental capacities and mind capabilities, altogether working on their memory and learning. Furthermore, according to this theory (Schmidt & Tawfik, 2022), elders’ cognitive abilities were significantly enhanced by their participation in activities that reduced stress and feelings of isolation (Schmidt & Tawfik, 2022).

PSYC FPX 3500 Assessment 4 Strategies for Enhancing Learning and Memory Fact Sheet

In a similar vein, the continuity theory of aging offers theoretical insight into the mature individuals’ efficient information processing mechanism, which has a significant impact on memory and learning. The elders, according to the theory, improved their encoding and retrieval brain functions by learning from their surroundings, gathering information, and aligning it with previous experiences. According to this theory (Guedes & Melo, 2019), older adults’ memory and learning were enhanced by their participation in learning activities, socialization, and observation of new information.

Zhidong and others 2021) conducted an analysis of the most efficient methods for enhancing elderly memory. The results of the study showed that a healthy diet, regular exercise, and socialization are all good ways to help older people remember things better.


In conclusion, it is concluded that the brain plays a crucial role in elderly people’s effective memory and learning. The dynamic working of the cerebrum worked on encoded, united, and recovered capabilities that essentially improved learning and memory. Writing, visual learning, socialization, and a healthy lifestyle all improve brain health, resulting in improved memory and learning in older adults for improved brain and liver function.

Reference List 

Babaei, P., & Azari, H. B. (2022). Exercise training improves memory performance in older adults: A narrative review of evidence and possible mechanisms. 

Drigas, A., Mitsea, E., & Skianis, C. (2022). Metamemory: Metacognitive strategies for improved memory operations and the role of VR and mobiles. Behavioral Sciences12(11), 450. 

Guedes, J., & Melo, S. (2019). Continuity theory. Encyclopedia of Gerontology and Population Aging, 1–10. 

Mcdermott, K., & Roediger, H. (2018). Memory (encoding, storage, retrieval). 

Schmidt, M., & Tawfik, A. A. (2022). Activity theory as a lens for developing and applying personas and scenarios in learning experience design. The Journal of Applied Instructional Design11(1). 

Tsai, F.-J., & Shen, S.-W. (2022). Concepts of dementia prevention in the health promotion among older adults: A narrative review. Medicine101(50), 32172. 

Weerasinghe, M., Biener, V., Grubert, J., Quigley, A., Toniolo, A., Pucihar, K. C., & Kljun, M. (2022). Vocabulary: Learning vocabulary in ar supported by keyword visualizations. IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics, 1–11. 

Zhidong, C., Wang, X., Yin, J., Song, D., & Chen, Z. (2021). Effects of physical exercise on working memory in older adults: A systematic and meta-analytic review. European Review of Aging and Physical Activity18(1).