PSYC FPX4300 Assessment 4 And Now the Finale (Goals and Action Plan)

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Manny is the subject of this case study, and he was addicted to oxycodone. The strong pain reliever oxycodone, which is available in Percocet and oxycontin, is one of the country’s most broadly used physician-recommended prescriptions. Because oxycodone is such a potent medication that provides many people suffering from painful or terminal conditions with the much-needed relaxation they require, it may be challenging to maintain control over its use. The patient’s diagnoses, recommended course of action, and short- and long-term objectives will be discussed during this assessment.

Manny is 56 years old and has spent his entire life working in the construction industry. He has been in pain since he had back surgery about ten years ago. Due to the pain, he has not been able to work. His doctor prescribed oxycodone to ease his pain. His doctor said that before taking any medication, he needs to go through substance abuse therapy as part of his new pain management plan. He has not used oxy since his doctor discouraged him. But he has started smoking weed every day to ease the pain. His wife and son are the center of his existence. He accepts he is a terrible spouse since his better half needs to attempt to cover the bills and deal with him while he can’t work due to his aggravation.

Client Diagnosis

Manny endured extreme pain following back surgery ten years ago. F11.10 (Opioid abuse, uncomplicated) and F11.20 (Opioid dependence, uncomplicated) are the DSM-5 Diagnostic Codes (ICD-10-CM) for opioid abuse (Weiss et al., 2020). The described side effects are given underneath:

Opioids are frequently taken in higher doses or for longer periods of time than recommended.

There is a persistent desire to reduce or regulate opioid use, despite unsuccessful efforts to do so.

A lot of time is given to errands expected to get, use, or recuperate from a narcotic.

The serious motivation or want to consume narcotics.

PSYC FPX4300 Assessment 4 And Now the Finale (Goals and Action Plan)

Opioid use on a regular basis makes it hard to complete important tasks at home or at work. For instance, Manny can’t proceed with his work on account of his habit.

Despite ongoing or frequent interpersonal or social problems caused by or made worse by opioid use, opioid use continues (Zapata et al., 2022).

Opioid use results in significant reductions or discontinuation of social, professional, or extracurricular activities; Manny, for instance, stopped driving after taking too many opioids (Poulsen et al., 2022).

Opioid abuse can be harmful to one’s health.

Despite being aware of a chronic or recurring physical or mental condition that the drug probably caused or made worse, continuing to use opioids (You et al., 2021).

Treatment Proposal

The case history of Manny is examined above, and as per his ongoing clinical circumstance, the suggested treatment is given underneath:

1. Treatment for withdrawal

Oxycodone withdrawal symptoms can be extremely unpleasant and persistent. As a result, seeking professional oxycodone addiction treatment frequently aids those attempting to quit using the drug. Depending on how much, how often, and how long oxycodone has been used, a monitored detox may be recommended. Detoxification is the most common way of eliminating drugs from the body intentionally. In most cases, this is done in an inpatient setting so that medical staff can attend to the patient and ensure their safety and comfort. During this phase, additional medications may be administered to reduce cravings and other unpleasant effects. Koehl and other, 2019)

2. Therapy for Boosting Motivation

Motivational Enhancement Therapy, or MET, helps addicts learn how to change their own thoughts and actions. Following a preliminary assessment, MET consists of four focused treatment sessions. Each session is tailored to the client’s specific requirements. The initial sessions place emphasis on reviewing the initial evaluation’s data and setting objectives for the future. In subsequent sessions, the patient receives perspective and motivation for maintaining sobriety. Herscher and others, 2020)

3. Psychiatric Assistance

PSYC FPX4300 Assessment 4 And Now the Finale (Goals and Action Plan)

Mental assistance is a viable clinical help with this case as they are prepared in non-habit-forming, non-pharmacological agony-the-board techniques. Analysts can improve anticipation, therapy, and recovery administrations and better oversee both intense and persistent torment. This may assist in preventing drug abuse. Manny receives open-line communication with other patients and medical assistance through group discussion therapy, which significantly assists him in quitting the habit of smoking weed for his own well-being and health (Brennan et al., 2022).

In a similar vein, the therapies mentioned above, as well as art therapy and music therapy, are thought to be effective treatment factors for patients. These two kinds of treatments give powerful mental unwinding to the patient that lessens their pressure and nervousness and helps them in their successful fix (Carter et al., 2023). In the case of Manny, his wife is a working woman, he lives alone at home, and his son is in college. He has a history of depression in his family, which has an impact on his health as well. In light of his case history, music and craftsmanship treatment are suggested for him to lessen his dejection and sadness that prompts weed smoking. His mental health improved as a result of both treatments, as did his habit of smoking weed.

PSYC FPX4300 Assessment 4 And Now the Finale (Goals and Action Plan)

CBT is thought to be a good therapy for Manny, along with other good treatments like cognitive behavioral therapy. First and foremost, it alters people’s perceptions of their suffering. CBT may help put suffering in a more positive light, alter pain-related thoughts, feelings, and behaviors, and improve stress management. When Manny realizes how little the pain affects his quality of life, he will be able to function better. The physical brain response that exacerbates the pain can also be altered by CBT. Stress affects the levels of norepinephrine and serotonin in the brain, which regulate pain, and pain is a result of stress. CBT reduces the arousal that affects these molecules. Subsequently, the body’s normal aggravation-alleviating reaction can become more grounded. ( Lee and Cho, 2021)

CBT has regularly joined with other agony-the-board techniques to address ongoing agony. Medication, physiotherapy, weight loss, and, in extreme cases, surgery are the majority of these treatments. However, CBT is frequently regarded as the most effective method of pain management out of all of them. Darnall and others, 2019). The Importance of Therapies Therapies is an important part of a patient’s treatment. By altering the patient’s psychological thinking, perception, and behavior, the therapies help the patient understand their health condition and provide effective treatment. Bunch conversation treatment gives proof-based rehearses utilized by various different patients to effectively decreases negative well-being outcomes. In order to improve the patients’ well-being, music, and art therapy assist them in effectively combating unhealthy behaviors like smoking and drinking. Similarly, CBT helped in the conduct advancement of the patient by teaching and making mindfulness among them to effectively retaliate their sicknesses to defend their lives. In this way, a wide range of treatments is significant as they give a powerful manual for the patients on their treatment to successfully work on their well-being (Amini et al., 2022).

An Examination of Ethical Issues The following are a few ethical concerns that may arise during drug treatment.

In order to provide addicts with effective and safe treatment, confidentiality is essential.

In an ever-evolving framework, the ethical rule of uniformity expects that all people have an equivalent chance to get to accessible assets.

Respect for all, individual liberty for those who can make decisions, and consideration for those who cannot.

Ethics and morality in dealing with disabled individuals Discriminatory practices among individuals

Uneven and uncommon distribution of resources Brezel and others, 2019)

Short-and Long haul Objectives

Manny’s cases are furnished with after-treatment so they can distinguish his objectives and goals to work on his assets and shortcoming. This will help them in changing in accordance with their better daily practice.

Long-Term Objective

PSYC FPX4300 Assessment 4 And Now the Finale (Goals and Action Plan)

The following are the long-term objectives for preventing oxycodone and marijuana addiction: Manny should be shown abilities connected with stopping weed and staying away from or overseeing different issues that might collaborate with positive results. However, He must resist peer pressure and temptation. He really wants to foster solid companionships and connections by staying away from these sorts of companions or relatives who pressure him to utilize substances, for example, his companion who utilizations weed to ease their nervousness. Nevertheless, Manny ought to set objectives and visions for his future with his wife. He will be able to concentrate on what he wants and realize that marijuana use and addiction will simply prevent him from achieving his goals. ( Krause and other, 2019) Short-Term Objective The following are the short-term objectives for preventing addiction to oxycodone and cannabis.

Healthy Way of Life Leading a healthy life is crucial to one’s health. Quality dinners and exercises lessen pressure and gloom among people and work on their well-being. It is recommended that healthy living be a goal to maintain in order to break the habit of smoking marijuana (Athy et al., 2022). Manny’s depression went down, and he got more involved in healthy activities, which helped him quit smoking weed.

Improved Relationships

Friends and family are crucial to healthy behaviors and outcomes. With their support, friends, and family raise awareness and provide counseling, which positively aids weed smokers in reducing health risks (Teleki et al., 2021). Manny should get involved with friends who know how important health is to him so he can get good advice on how to improve his health and live a healthy life.

Try New Things If you’re willing to try new things, you’ll be able to find a new hobby or rekindle an old one. Make a rundown of things you’d need to attempt or stuff you might want to do once more and timetable an opportunity to do them. We frequently hear that taking things one day at a time is the key to overcoming substance abuse restoration.


Therapies play a crucial role in reducing the negative health effects of patients’ ineffective behaviors like smoking and drinking. To diminish the downturn that prompts exorbitant weed smoking, Manny is prescribed to be engaged with treatment meetings like CBT, Music treatment, workmanship treatment, and other successful treatments that assist in changing his way of behaving and rehearses important for a solid living (Türkis, 2022).

Seek Treatment for Mental Illness Addiction to drugs and mental illness frequently coexist. You should see a licensed psychologist for help if you have a mental illness like depression, anxiety, or post-traumatic stress disorder (Harris et al., 2019). To assist you in managing your side effects without resorting to opiates, an expert will demonstrate healthy coping strategies.

Plan of action

PSYC FPX4300 Assessment 4 And Now the Finale (Goals and Action Plan)

When treatment is finished, one of the first things you should do is create your own plan of action. You create it as a one-of-a-kind collection of guidelines, objectives, approaches, notes, and procedures to help you succeed in recovery. Be careful not to jump into anything too quickly. You will be able to establish the goals, tasks, and mental processes necessary for achieving the two most important treatment goals with the help of a personal action plan: complete recovery with fewer chances of relapse. This is a profoundly private activity that expects you to be transparent with yourself. ( O’Donnell and others, 2022). To put an end to the problem, the following plan of action is suggested.

To control the excessive supply of marijuana products, strict policies should be developed.

An observing council ought to be formed in view of a local area level to screen the sources that advance and work with weed smoking and make a severe move against them.

Punishments ought to be forced on weed providers as well as clients to control the unnecessary stockpile and utilization of weed-smoking practices.

Establishing counseling and rehabilitation centers should encourage counseling activities for weed smokers.

Families and friends ought to be associated with the treatment of weed smokers. In order to change the behavior of weed smokers toward the use of weed and highlight its negative health effects, it is necessary to raise awareness among peers and families.

The suggested activity plan helps control the use of weed smoking among individuals from the networks, and the level of weed smokers is expanding quickly, which is negative for local area well-being.

Last but not least, the media has paid special attention to oxycodone and other pharmacological opiates, frequently depicting problematic users as drug-naive individuals who become addicted to legitimate prescription medications. However, they, like all active ingredients, are susceptible to side effects and complications, such as misuse, abuse, and dependence, as well as harm to health and finances from prescription opioid abuse and dependence. An effective plan of action that gives the government the authority to impose stringent regulations on the supply and use of weed is recommended in order to lessen the negative effects on health. In addition, it is suggested that rehabilitation and family support are the primary drivers of effective use-control and health benefits.


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