PSYCH 600 Week 3 Developmental Profile Paper

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Language development, fine and gross motor skills, and emotional capacity are all affected by a person’s lifetime of physical, cognitive, and social-emotional changes. Large numbers of these progressions occur during the earliest phases of life and are imperative for the physical and mental turn of events. A fertilized ovum matures into a fully developed infant ready for life between conception and birth, undergoing multiple physical and genetic changes (Berks, 2014; Rosales, Reznick, and Zeisel, 2009). Although these transformations are necessary for proper body function, they are not the only ones that are necessary for development. Between the ages of two and three, children go through physical changes that significantly affect their body’s abilities. 

There is available research on the importance of early and middle childhood experiences for a child’s healthy development and lifelong cognitive and physical development. While boys retain more body fat than girls do, children typically begin to lose weight between the ages of three and five. Berks (2014) gives data on how youngsters’ dietary patterns begin to diminish as they become less hesitant to review new food sources beyond their predetermined advantages. Hereditary qualities and sustenance can likewise affect and modify a youngster’s BMI Unfortunate sustenance and dietary patterns can forestall legitimate development in click due to a lack of sustenance that helps the body’s resistant protection against sickness and satisfactory development (Berks, 2014). 

PSYCH 600 Week 3 Developmental Profile Paper

Additionally, since we get half of our DNA and attributes from every one of our folks, predominant and passive qualities have some control over a posterity’s fabricate and body structure. Around the aging time of two and six years of age, the skeletal ligament supporting the mind starts to take a harder surface as it reaches out into the remainder of the skeletal plot. In addition, the brain grows by 20% from early childhood to middle childhood (Berks, 2014; Rosales, Reznick, and Zeisel, 2009). Because there are regions of the brain that are in charge of producing hormones and other chemicals that are beneficial to physical and cognitive abilities, healthy brain development is essential to many aspects of a child’s growth process. 

Growth hormones and thyroid-stimulating hormones, for example, are produced by the pituitary gland, which is at the base of the brain. These hormones are necessary for the body to grow and function. A child’s growth milestones may be affected if these parts of the brain don’t develop properly. According to Berks (2014), children typically begin shedding their primary teeth in middle childhood to make room for their adult or permanent teeth. Environmental and biological factors, such as poor dental hygiene and issues we inherit from our parents, have a significant impact on dental health, even though girls typically lose baby teeth earlier than boys do (Berks, 2014)

According to Rosales, Reznick, and Zeisel (2000), multiple regions of the cerebral cortex experience an increase in the production of synapses during early childhood, which promotes motor coordination. These coordinated abilities license youngsters to advertence leg and arm coordination vital for running and playing actual games, for example, working out with a rope, getting and tossing a ball, and drawing (Berks, 2014; Rosales, Reznick, and Zeisel, 2009). 

PSYCH 600 Week 3 Developmental Profile Paper

Neural activity is expanding at a faster rate than ever before in brain regions that are responsible for managing function. The capacity to manage behavioral impulses, cognitive memory, and decision-making expands. According to Berks (2014), from middle childhood to adolescence, skills that aid in direction, shape recognition, and hand coordination steadily advance. The average toddler experiences the most activity from the left hemisphere during this time period.

Heredity can impact the legitimate turn of events and capability of a kid’s mental health in the main phases of life. A few kids have inclinations to distortions, diseases, and ailments, and learning disabilities (Berks, 2014). Whether a flawed quality is moved to a baby by its folks, a transformation happens during the melding of DNA, or natural variables cause issues with improvement, youngsters brought into the world with a lack in their advancement will miss the mark concerning excepted achievements in mental and actual working. Children with Down syndrome, for instance, have abnormalities in the chromosomal process that result in an increased number of chromosomes in the DNA. 

The extra material impacts facial highlights (level nose, skewed eyes, and outstretched hands), muscle tone, size and position of ears, and mental limits (Bull and the Board of Trustees on Hereditary Qualities, 2011). Social and Emotional Development Children’s social and emotional development begins in early childhood and continues into middle childhood when they begin to develop a more accurate sense of who they are. 

PSYCH 600 Week 3 Developmental Profile Paper

On average, children reach this stage of life when they have better social skills and more control over their emotions (Berks, 2014; Rosales, Reznick, and Zeisel, 2009). As language turns out to be more characterized, youngsters begin to ponder their actual presence and begin fixating on qualities that make one’s self uncommon. The consciousness of self likewise guides and supports a’s comprehension kid might interpret self-idea, which further advances the improvement of the capacity to understand individuals on a profound level (Berks, 2014).

Small children typically reach emotional competence between the ages of two and six, when they are able to accurately comprehend and refer to the various layers of their emotions. It is during youth and center youth that kids show the capacity to comprehend and impart their sentiments all the more precisely, emphatically oversee and comprehend the predecessors of those feelings when difficulties show themselves. For small kids ages 3-5, reaction to profound appreciation intensifies when youngsters have solid positive associations and bonds with their guardians. Because children’s perceptions are shaped by their environments, parent-child relationships are crucial to their socioemotional development.

Children begin to become aware of and capable of utilizing coping mechanisms when they are upset around the age of four. For instance, Berks (2014) says that children at this age often cover their eyes and ears to keep from hearing or seeing things they don’t like when they are in uncomfortable situations. These are the understudies who are less inclined to show hazardous ways of behaving and cause disturbances at school. Legitimate close-to-home improvement in youngsters is as vital for a kid’s development as their actual turn of events. 

PSYCH 600 Week 3 Developmental Profile Paper

According to Berks (2014), children in the early to middle grades who have parents who are antagonistic toward them, make no effort to show any emotion, and generally do not show any emotion have a greater likelihood of using aggression to deal with situations and having trouble controlling their emotions.

While the typical child reaches milestones that enable them to comprehend their own emotions and show consideration for those of others, they still require an appropriate direction from those around them. Further research suggests that “warm and sensitive” parent-child relationships facilitate the development of favorable self-concepts and the likelihood of high self-esteem in these young beings. Children are capable of comprehending and evaluating the foundations of a wide range of emotions by the age of five, including anger, sadness, joy, shock, and so on. Berks, 2014). Children also begin to interact more with their peers as they develop self-awareness. According to Berks (2014), young children’s social development progresses through four distinct stages: non-dynamic movement, equal pay, acquainted play, and agreeable play.

Children tend to be more isolated during non-social play, with no clear goal and little interest in making friends with peers. The term “parallel play” refers to the practice of children playing alongside one another without engaging in active play with one another. At the next stage, the kids start playing with each other and performing together. Be that as it may, youngsters don’t take part in similar games during acquainted play stages. Cooperative play, in which children play together toward a common objective, is the final stage of a child’s social development (Berks, 2014). For instance, kids playing house, specialist, working out with a rope, and dodgeball is instances of agreeable play exercises.

PSYCH 600 Week 3 Developmental Profile Paper

Besides, research has proposed a connection between peer relations during youth and scholastic achievement. According to Berks (2014), when children socialize and form friendships with their peers, they appear to be more engaged and willing to participate in classwork. Like the extra parts of a youngster’s turn of events, guardians exhibit a pivotal job in guaranteeing the fitting improvement of the kid’s social turn of events. Events like playdates and other scheduled events for children show the child how to socially approach peers and form bonds with others their age. Connections between parents and children also determine how people interact with one another and serve as the basis upon which children choose their friends as they grow up. Therefore, for a child’s emotional and social development, it is essential to forge strong parental bonds with them (Berks, 2014).

In conclusion, children are impressionable little beings who need a lot of things to live a normal life. Even though a lot of things have a big impact on how a child is raised, it’s important to pay attention to how well a child develops physically, mentally, and emotionally, and to explore these areas. This helps them get a good start for life as an adult and helps them stay healthy. The environment a child grows up in, as well as their diet, physical health, and other factors, may play a role in whether or not they acquire the skills necessary to participate in society as a member of the accepted norms.


Berk, L. E. (2014). Development through the lifespan (6th ed.). Boston, MA: Pearson. Bull, M. J. and The Committee on Genetics (2011). Health Supervision for Children with Down Syndrome. Pediatrics, 128, 393-406

Rosales, F., Reznick, J., and Zeisel, S. (2009). Understanding the Role of Nutrition in the Brain And Behavioral Development of Toddlers and Preschool Children: Identifying and Over-Coming Methodological Barriers. Nutritional Neuroscience, 12(5), 190-202 Doi: